Why Does Marlow Lie To Kurtzs Intended Essay

The Role Of Kurtz’s Intended In Joseph Conrad’s Heart Of Darkness

The Role of Kurtz’s Intended in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness

Very often in literature minor characters appear for only a short time in the story but carry a very heavy significance in the overall meaning of the book. Kurtz’s Intended, in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, is this kind of character. The unnamed woman only appears for a brief period at the end of the novel, but Conrad includes her for three very crucial reasons. He has Kurtz’s fiancée appear to provide a justification for Marlow to lie, to be the catalyst that leads to Marlow’s revelation that darkness does indeed exist everywhere, and to symbolize all of civilization.

When Joseph Conrad wrote Heart of Darkness, he intended the theme to be universal,
applicable to all of society, not just to uncivilized Africa. This ubiquitousness of the theme is apparent when Marlow describes London as “one of the dark places of the earth”(67). Conrad applies the idea of darkness to a supposed civilized society, demonstrating that darkness occurs everywhere throughout the world, not just in uncivilized places such as Africa. To make the theme even more omnipresent to his readers, Conrad needed to include an incident of darkness outside of Africa. Marlow’s like to Kurtz’s Intended is the example that Conrad needed to add to make the universality of his message clear: “The last words he pronounced was—your name”(164). Marlow despises lying more than any other form of darkness; “I hate, detest, and can’t bear a lie”(96). By having Marlow lie to Kurtz’s Intended, Conrad incorporates universality into the theme of the book. Lying is a form of evil, a form of darkness within Marlow, and even though Marlow restrains himself and steps back from the edge of giving into his darkness in Africa, it still consumes him in London, a supposed civilized society. Marlow believes that he escapes the threat of darkness when he leaves Africa, but what he does not realize, and what the readers may not realize, either, is that the darkness is within each person. The threat of darkness does not just exist in Africa and other uncivilized places, but it comes from the heart within each individual. Conrad wants the reader to realize that there is no getting away from the darkness that dwells inside everyone; it is necessary always to practice self-restraint or the darkness will take over. The significance of the presence of the Intended is to provide Conrad a chance to have Marlow lie to make evident to the readers that darkness exists everywhere, that it is inside the heart of every person.

Conrad uses the Intended in another way to convey to the reader that darkness is every-
where. Conrad develops a very sexist attitude towards women early in the book.
It’s queer how out of touch with the truth women are. They live in a world of their own,
and there has never been anything like it, and never can be. It is too beautiful altogether,
and if they were to set it up it would go to pieces before the...

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Lies and More Lies in Conrad's Heart of Darkness

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Lies in Heart of Darkness

After declaring his passionate hate of lying it is odd to see the complete reversal of character in Marlow by the end of the book.  Then perhaps it is not a change but merely an unexpected extension of his character that gives a different dimension to his personality.            

  His statement "You know I hate, detest, and can't bear a lie...it appalls me.  It makes me miserable and sick, like biting something rotten would do" (Longman 2210) gives what one may rightly consider a very straightforward clean cut description of the man's moral view and character traits.  Yet by the end of the book one may feel he has not only betrayed their trust but himself and all the values he seemed to embody during the course of the story. 

Marlow's interview with Kurtz's Intended was less than the honesty one might have expected given his vehement stand on the issue of lying.  When he went to speak to her I fully expected him to be completely honest and tell her the truth.  My logic was that if she knew what Kurtz was like in reality her suffering would be eased and she would be able to gain an honest semi-objective view of the man she loved.  That shows my modern thinking!  It soon became clear that she was not going to accept any version of the truth and I found myself hoping that Marlow would lie to her to spare he the torture of knowing the truth.  Her constant interrupting of Marlow's dialogue in order to fill in wonderful, glowing details about the man was a complete revelation as to what she could hear and survive.  Marlow says, "It was impossible not to" "Love him" she finished eagerly..."How true! How true!" (Longman 2244) .  Once Marlow has decided to sugar coat the truth he begins to utter non-committal phrases in regards to Kurtz which the Intended finishes; "His words will remain," I said.  "And his example," she whispered to herself.  "Men look up to him, -- his goodness shone in every act.  His example"  (Longman 2245).  I think Marlow begins to see that he cannot be honest with her when they begin to speak of Kurtz's death.  He says, "My anger subsided before a feeling of infinite pity" (Longman 2245).  She was a woman, she was weak, she was alone, and every male tendency within Marlow rose up and prevented him from crushing what was left of her fragile spirit.

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            I think perhaps his choice to lie to the Intended was because of a similar female influence on his life...his Aunt.  I think in a way Marlow is comparing the Intended to his Aunt in that they were both women and therefore weaker than he.  He sees them as something delicate  something that needs to be tenderly cared for.  He says, "It is queer how out of touch with the truth women are.  They live in a world of their own, and there had never been anything like it, and can never be.  It is too beautiful altogether, and if they were to set it up it would go to pieces before the first sunset"  (Longman 2199).  This he says before ever meeting Kurtz or hearing of the Intended.  Upon lying to her (the Intended) he says, "But I couldn't.  I could not tell her.  It would have been too dark  too dark altogether..." (Longman 2246).  Marlow protected her  he allowed her to remain innocent of Kurtz and his actions and in so doing enabled her sun to remain high rather than setting and forever engulfing her in darkness. 

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