Any attack or crime that is motivated by the victim’s culture, race, sexual orientation, or religion is considered a hate crime. These crimes happen all over the world and are inflicted because of different reasons; however the category of crime is the same in that it targets those not accepted by the perpetrator. Here we will discuss three motivations for hate crimes and see how irrational these motivations are.
One of the most common forms of hate crimes is attacks on someone because of the colour of their skin. This type of hate crime, while unthinkable, has caused a lot of hurt and division among millions of people across the world over the centuries. It is not a new phenomenon and will probably carry on for many years to come because of narrow-mindedness and unrestrained hatred. People have a tendency to associate every person of a certain race with a type of person they cannot tolerate. This usually results in a race-related hate crime.
Religiously motivated attacks
More people have been killed by other human beings in the name of religion than by any other means. Religiously motivated attacks are a painful part of our history, and a devastating reality of our present. How someone can kill in the name of their religion is a testament to how dark their religion actually is. Many of the terrorist attacks the world has experienced of late are due to a hatred for those who believe differently to what they do. Their motto seems to be, “If they cannot be converted, they must be killed instead.”
Minor hate crimes are often committed because of intolerance for homosexuality. People are harassed on the streets for being gay or lesbian and attacked by thoughtless individuals who think they can make a positive difference on the world by ‘punishing’ these people for their lifestyle choices. This kind of persecution can only have negative effects on our society. Whatever our opinions on homosexuality may be, hating someone for it to the extent that harm is inflicted is ill-conceived.
Hate crimes are only inflicted by those who are ignorant to their fellow human beings. When someone crosses the dangerous line of hating someone because of their race or lifestyle choice, they speak volumes to a narrow-mindedness that needs to be extinguished in the world we live in. Changing people’s mindsets to prevent such hate crimes is something that no one has yet figured out how to do.
Before getting in to details of hate crimes, it is imperative to understand hate crimes from the definition although it has many definitions. For easy understanding, hate crimes is any offense based on the disability, race, sexuality, religion and values of the victims. Hate crimes has many angles as it depends entirely on who or the purpose of the hate crime such as, sentencing, reporting and conceptual purpose. This paper is going to discuss hate crimes and the types of hate crimes.
The first type of hate crime is the racial hate crime. Racial hate crime is the most dominant in the public order offenses in terms of the numbers and statistic as many people fall victims of this hate crime. For example, in the United Kingdom, the number of racial hate crimes recorded between 2010 and 2011 dropped drastically to 31486 as compared to 2006, which was at 42,554. This drop was due to much campaign and civic education by the government to the people and the pressure from the international communities. The racial hate crime is so common, since it does not cause physical harm to the victims but it has mental and emotional damage to the victims.
Another type of hate crime is the sexual orientation and gender. People in the society today are declaring their sexual orientation as gay, lesbian or straight. However, other people do not like to have their sexual orientation known which might lead to confusion of a persons' sexuality. Hate crime against sexuality arises when a victim is mistaken as one who belongs to a given sexual orientation, which is against his or her actual sexual orientation. In 2009 and 2010, sexual orientation crimes rose from 312 to 357 offenses. This increase was due to the varying changes in definitions and incidences by people as people realized the development of the sexual and gender hate crimes.
Finally, the disability hate crime is another category of hate crime. This hate crime varies as it depends entirely on definition of the disability. People with mental impairment, physical disability or visual impairment are the victims of this hate crime as they consistently face stigmatization from the society.
Hate crimes has adverse effects on its victims and sometimes can lead to death of the victims if the victims do not get help. Educating the people on hate crimes is important, as it will help reduce stigmatization and prevalence of the crime, since people will be aware of hate crime and its consequences.